Click Here To Pay
Home > About Egypt > Museums In Egypt
Military Museum, Cairo
  Images in This Category


The Military Museum in Cairo , located in the Citadel, contains a collection of weapons and costumes illustrating warfare in Egypt from ancient times. Notable are its artifacts of the 1956 Anglo-French-Israeli attack.

The Military Museum is famous for its rich collection and historical building which was originally a palace during the reign of Mohamed Ali, the founder of the royal family that ruled Egypt between 1805 and 1952. It was established in 1947 after the British forces evacuated the Saladin Citadel and was officially inaugurated two years later. It was modernized in co-operation with North Korea and reopened on 29 November 1993 by President Hosni Moubarak.

Upon entering the museum, one first sees one of the oldest weapons on display, a catapult. It was used at the beginning of the Islamic Period as a method of siege to throw huge rocks and balls of fires. After the catapult, one finds a big corridor that reminded me of the Karnak Temple in Luxor where they have statues of sphinxes along the path. The difference is that there are cannons in the corridor at the military museum and at the end there is a huge statue of Ibrahim Pasha riding a horse and holding a gun as if he were in a battle. He was an Egyptian general who was the eldest son of Muhammad Ali and the governor of Egypt during the Ottoman Period. At the entrance of the closed section of the museum, there are lots of real weapons that were used during past critical battles. They include weapons such as an Armstrong cannon that was used in the Second World War, along with some British weapons also used during World War II. After these weapons there are some statues of important figures in Egyptian history. There is also the statue of Ahmose, the king leader who is credited with  liberating Egypt from the Hyksos at the beginning of the New Kingdom. And of course there is also a statue of Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great, one of ancient Egypt's most famous rulers. It is a portrait of some Egyptian soldiers crossing the canal in the War of 1973. And to the left there are some statues of old Arab warriors with swords, which is probably meant to portray the soldiers in the modern era as being just as great and brave as the ones in the golden age of the Islamic Period. The museum also houses the pre-revolutionary displays. It shows how Egyptians fought for their freedom from the British occupation. There are many statues of the Egyptian nationalists who worked bravely to gain Egypt's freedom, such as Ahmed Orabi and Sa'ad Zaghlul. There are also some nice portraits of critical moments during this period.Outside the museum, similar to many other military museums, there are displays of real modern weapons that are too large for the museum's interior.

The Military Museum records the history of the Egyptian army since Pharaonic times, and is divided into three wings and three storeys, each having several halls.The museum comprises 250 statues and busts representing leaders of the Revolution and of the royal family as well as commanders of the army.