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Taha Hussein Museum, Cairo
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Dr.Taha Hussein (1889-1973) is the doyen of Arabic literature and one of the most celebrated figures of Egyptian contemporary cultural and intellectual history. Born in Upper Egypt in 1889, young Taha went blind at the age of three. He emerged from the Egyptian countryside and from the cloisters of Al-Azhar University to enrich the Arabic library with more than fifty books dealing with literature, history, philosophy and education. He went on to receive the first PhD ever granted from an Egyptian University in 1914 and followed it up with one from the Sorbonne four years later.

Taha Hussein is one of the most important names of Modern Arabic Literature. However, he’s also a leading social and political reform who struggled for the provision of education to the poor and emancipation for women. Almost all his books have been translated into several languages.

It was Hussein who finally pushed through free education and the primary and secondary levels as Minister of Education, he translated the works of Greek philosophers, produced a revolutionary and highly controversial work on Pre-Islamic poetry and somewhere along the way found the time to produce some of modern Arabic Literature’s finest examples.

In recognition of all Dr. Taha Hussein's achievements for Egypt the State bought his residence in the Pyramids district after his death and converted it into a museum carrying the name "Ramatan" which literally means in Arabic the two oases where traveling caravans stop totake rest. As Dr. Taha Hussein was keen on having his son Dr. Moeniss share his residence, he designed the villa with two entrances to preserve each one's privacy and freedom. That is why he called it "Ramatan" or two places of rest for him and his son.

Hussein built the house so that he and his son could both have separate and private residences and entrances while remaining close.After his death in 1973, his home was turned into a museum in called The Ramatan (two oasis where travelers could stop to rest.)

The museum or "Ramatan" is made up of two stories. The ground floor houses Dr. Taha Hussein's study and a part of his 7,000 book library, a great reception hall where he received writers, politicians and artists every Sunday evening. In one of the corners of this hall stand a huge piano, a gramophone and records of rare musical works by Schubert, Verdi, Bach, Mozart, Schumann and others.

The other part of the library books in foreign languages, most of these books are still in the library and the villa was sitting in the chair and the office, which was written by the secretary and the dining hall and place for his son, Munis, as well as rooms for the management and presentation of some of the effects of Dr. Taha Hussein, clothes and decorations to Arab and foreign necklace and the Nile, which was and the medal given to him on various occasions and the life of Taha Hussein was found by a property and the Republic and the First World War and saw second life of the Egyptian revolution, Taha Hussein, is a whole life history of Egypt over the past half a century.

The garden has a bust for Dr. Taha Hussein by the noted Egyptian sculptor Farouk Ibrahim. A smaller building designed in the same style of the villa has been converted into a cultural center which will be used for holding seminars and cultural exhibitions to keep Dr. Hussein's legacy alive .