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Lahun Pyramid
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The Pyramid of Senusret II at Lahun in Egypt

The pyramid is almost on the halfway between Bani Suef and the Fayoum.This one is part of a funerary complex built by Senwosret II in the Middle Kingdom.The Pyramid of Senusret II. The pyramid's natural limestone core is clearly visible as the yellow stratum at its base.The pyramid of Senusret II at el-Lahun is the southernmost royal-tomb pyramid structure in Egypt. Its builders reduced the amount of work necessary to construct it by ingeniously using as its foundation and core a 12-meter-high natural limestone hill.

Senusret II chose to build his pyramid, called Senusret Shines, near the modern town of Lahun (Kahun) at the opening of the Hawara basin near the Fayoum, rather then at Dahshure where his father's (Amenemhet II) pyramid is located. It was first investigated by the Lepsius expedition in the 1840s, but was only later examined in detail by Petrie.

The location of Senusret II's valley temple is known but no ground plan can be made from its ruins. The causeway is likewise ruined, but must have been broad, and of the completely destroyed mortuary temple on the east side of the pyramid, all that is known is that it must have been built of decorated granite, judging from the few fragments that remain.

In building this pyramid Senusret II's archetects took advantage of a natural stump of yellow limestone that they cut down into four steps to serve as the pyramid's base core. Mudbrick was used to build the upper part of the core, and as several pyramids before, wings were built out from this core and cross walls within the wings were built to form a framework. The pyramid is built of mud-brick and was once encased by limestone like many other pyramids. It had the sloping angle of 43 degrees and an original height of 48 meters (157 ft).

Also like some prior 12th Dynasty pyramids, the casing was set into a foundation trench at the base of the pyramid. Most of the casing was carried off to build a structure for Ramesses II, though parts of the black granite pyramidion that set atop the pyramid have been found.
Eight mastabas were built using mudbrick to cover a superstructure carved from the bedrock, similar to the manner in which the pyramid was built. A small pyramid lies at the north end of this row of mastabas, thought to be that of a queen. If it is not the pyramid of a queen, but an unlikely cult pyramid, it would have been the last such structure built, rather then that of his grandfather's, Senusret I. Though this pyramid does have a North Chapel, Petrie never found a subterranean structure even after exhaustive investigation.

The entrance of the pyramid was discovered by Petrie in 1890 after hard search. The reason was that, unlike other pyramids where the entrance is usually at one side of the pyramid, this one had its entrance through a vertical shaft some distance from the pyramid in the south.
A small pyramid of the queen lies to the north of Senwosret's pyramid. Beside it there are 8 rock tombs of the royal family. Remains of the mortuary temple can still be seen to the east side.The site has also an old city, Kahun, built for the pyramid builders about one kilometer (0.6 miles) away and the mastaba-tomb of the pyramid chief engineer.